What is DCD?

DCD describes a condition where an individual has difficulty coordinating movements and are often unable to perform common, everyday age appropriate tasks. Children with DCD do not necessarily outgrow this condition and it may persist throughout adolescence into adulthood.

  • Delayed motor milestones.
  • Movement skill may be achieved, but execution is often awkward, slow or less precise than their peers. For example individuals may bumps into things, have difficulty using stairs (holds on to railing), buttoning shirts, catching a ball, balancing etc.
  • The motor difficulties may affect daily living. For example, getting dressed quickly and easily, eating with age appropriate utensils without a mess, using scissors, rulers and other tools, writing legibly and with appropriate speed, and playing team games.

Quotes from Parents

"slightly unstable" "falls walking to and from school at home" "stumbles" "bumps into things" "seems to fall or trip over her feet" "very clumsy and awkward" "my teenager leans or sits to put on shorts or pants"

Prevalence

  • The prevalence of DCD is approximately 5-6% of children aged 5-11 years.
    • 1.8% have severe DCD
    • 3.0% have probably DCD.
  • Males are more affected than females with a ration between 2:1 and 7:1.
  • 50-70% of children continue to have coordination problems into adolescence and adulthood.
  • DCD occurs across cultures, races and socio-economic conditions.

Other Terms

Some other terms you might hear associated with or used to describe DCD:

  • Dyspraxia
  • Specific developmental disorder of motor function
  • Clumsy Child Syndrome